Posted on Leave a comment

Can a person fully recover from an eating disorder?

Yes. Any person can identify as recovered from an eating disorder – it’s completely up to the individual to define recovery for themselves. Some people who identify as recovered experience relapses, others find they must commit to recovery every day, and others feel completely free of their disorder.

Many of us move from having eating disorders to what is technically considered disordered eating. Since one survey found that about 65% of the U.S. population meets the criteria for disordered eating, this is less dire than it seems. In fact, disordered eating, in our culture, is considered “normal.”

And there are people who continue living with their eating disorders. This is not a crime, but a choice made by people that is no different from choosing to live with (rather than fight) a powerful behavioral pattern such as gambling, shopping, sex, and, of course, substance abuse.

What is full recovery from an eating disorder?

Since eating disorders are complex biopsychosocial adaptations, there is no easy way to define recovery. Nor is it necessary to do so. Each individual is allowed to state whether they live as a recovered person regardless of how others perceive their recovery.

However, there are some common themes that arise in the eating disorder recovery community regarding what “full recovery” looks like, and they include:

  • The ability to eat all foods (excluding medical allergies) without fear or shame.
  • The ability to feel neutral or positive about one’s body, regardless of its weight and shape.
  • Healthy coping strategies that allow us to process uncomfortable emotional states without causing harm to ourselves.
  • Not attempting to reduce or maintain weight in any way through restriction or purging.
  • Healthy interpersonal relationships that are fulfilling and meaningful.

There are many more signs of full recovery from an eating disorder, but these are the ones that arise most frequently in the community.

Emotional Regulation Worksheets

Give your child the best tools to grow more confident, calm and resilient so they can feel better, fast!

  • Self-Esteem
  • Self-Regulation
  • Mindfulness
  • Calming strategies

What is disordered eating?

Sixty-five percent of American women between the ages of 25 and 45 report having disordered eating behaviors, according to a 2008 survey by SELF Magazine in partnership with the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Disordered eating is a natural side effect of intentional weight loss, in fact, the majority of diets are disordered eating. The symptoms of disordered eating include:

  • Desire to lose weight
  • Fear of gaining weight
  • Seeing food as good or bad, healthy or unhealthy
  • Feeling shame and guilt for eating “bad” or “too much” food
  • Eating in secret
  • Binge eating after a period of restriction
  • Restricting food for periods of time (including skipping meals when hungry and intermittent fasting for non-religious purposes)
  • Ignoring hunger cues based on established times for eating
  • Ignoring food cravings based on an established food plan
  • Using vomiting, laxatives, diuretics, and detoxes to reduce bloating, calories, and weight
  • Feeling compelled to exercise in order to achieve weight loss or maintain current weight

It’s important to know that a person who recovers from an eating disorder but continues to experience disordered eating is not a “recovery failure.” They are simply responding to strong societal cues and direct advice from healthcare providers, the government, media, loved ones, and even strangers.

Many of us who have recovered from an eating disorder and have the term “eating disorder” on our medical records will still receive weight loss recommendations from our healthcare providers despite the fact that such efforts are extremely risky for us. This situation exposes our society’s heavy weight bias and the challenges of maintaining full recovery in a fatphobic culture.

Nobody has to recover from an eating disorder

One thing we know for sure about eating disorders is that they require some form of personal motivation in order to recover. This doesn’t mean that loved ones cannot facilitate and support recovery efforts, but loved ones must also recognize that having an eating disorder, and choosing to recover, is a personal choice. Nobody can force a person to recover if they don’t want to.

Non-recovery or partial-recovery is not a failure. It is just the way that one person is dealing with their individual psychology and societal pressures. We must recognize that many people live in gray areas when it comes to food and body issues, and we must honor individual agency when it comes to recovery.

Eating disorders are not a crime, and they are not the worst thing a person can do. This is not to dismiss the fatal nature of a very small subset of eating disorders, but rather to affirm that many of us live along a continuum of disordered eating, and we should have tremendous compassion, respect, and understanding for everyone on the spectrum.

What we have to do to recover from an eating disorder

Everyone recovers in their own way. Eating disorders are complex, and therefore recovery is complex, too. However, there are a number of trends among people who have recovered from an eating disorder, which include:

  • Healthy emotional hygiene practices – the ability to process uncomfortable emotions and manage anxiety.
  • Healthy self-worth – the perception of being inherently worthy. Believing that we have value regardless of our appearance or behaviors.
  • Healthy relationships with people – maintaining at least one healthy relationship that involves personal boundaries while sustaining deep connection and honoring each person’s individuality and worthiness.
  • Healthy relationship with food – recognizing that food is neither good nor bad, and the freedom to consume food without fear. Responding to hunger cues and food cravings with food rather than restriction. Recognizing that a person’s food consumption does not indicate that person’s worthiness.
  • Healthy relationship with the body – recognizing that the body’s appearance does not indicate a person’s value or worth.

When a person meets these criteria, they are operating from a higher level of self-worth and confidence than that of a person who is engaging in eating disorders and disordered eating. As we have stated, not everyone needs to recover to be worthy of our respect and compassion. We wish for everyone to achieve as much self-worth and peace within themselves as possible, regardless of their eating disorder/disordered eating status.

Recovery looks different for each of us, and ideally, we find our own definition based on our individual criteria for health.

Ginny Jones is on a mission to empower parents to raise kids who are free from eating disorders. She’s the founder of and a Parent Coach who helps parents navigate their kid’s eating disorder recovery.

Ginny has been researching, writing about, and supporting parents who have kids with eating disorders since 2016. She incorporates the principles of neurobiology and attachment parenting with a non-diet, Health At Every Size® approach to health and recovery.

Ginny’s most recent project is Recovery, a newsletter for deeply-feeling people in recovery from diet culture, negative body image, and eating disorders.

See Our Eating Disorder Treatment Guide For Parents

Leave a Reply